April 18, 2024

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Last Updated on January 22, 2022 by Aaron Thompson

During the winter season, many people suffer from dandruff that will result in hair loss. Dandruff is a scalp disorder that affects a large number of people. It produces itchy scalp skin, which is follow by flakes of dead skin. Old cells are pushed outside, where they die and peel off, as your skin replaces itself on a regular basis. These particles are usually tiny and inconspicuous. When a person has dandruff, the skin cells might begin to renew themselves faster than the regular cycle. As a result, the skin sheds in big, greasy clumps that may be seen.

Reasons for Dandruff

Bacterial development

Malassezia globosa is one of the countless small organisms that thrive in our hair. This is a fungus that lives on our scalps and thrives in our hair’s warm, wet environment. It subsists on the sebum secreted by the skin. Because of the enzymes it creates,  can irritate the scalp, our bodies try to naturally resist these chemicals by boosting skin cell turnover. When the fresher cells reach the surface, the older ones haven’t finished their cycle of shedding and are instead sticking to each other. This causes clumps to develop, which then fall off as bigger flakes.


Sensitive skin can run in families. Dandruff is not caused by having an oily scalp. Your skin must be sensitive to the Oleic acid generated by the enzymes in order to develop this disease. The fast reaction of the skin to this acid might result in a turnover of skin cells.

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You may create more oil than normal when your hormones kick in. During puberty, your scalp may get itchy as excess sebum is broken down by naturally occurring bacteria, and you may develop dandruff. Despite the fact that it is most frequent among adolescents, it may occur at any age.

Climate Conditions

Our skin grows dry all over our bodies throughout the winter. If your skin is very dry, your entire body is dehydrated. Because of the chilly, dry air, our scalp becomes flaky and itchy. Summer, on the other hand, may exacerbate bacteria development by collecting excessive oil secretion, perspiration, and pollutants on the skin.

Excessive shampooing

If you have a lot of oil in your hair, you might assume that washing it regularly will help. You may find that your hair retains balanced oil levels for a short time, but the extra oil is not gone for long. This is due to the fact that you are drying out your scalp, and your body is responding by increasing oil production to battle the dryness.

Types of Dandruff

Dandruff can be caused by a variety of factors, and you are incorrect if you believe that everyone suffers from the same type of dandruff. There are several forms of dandruff, so it’s crucial to figure out which one you have before choosing a treatment.

Dry skin dandruff

This ailment is most common in the winter, and it occurs when the scalp becomes dry and flaky, as the name implies. This can occur for a variety of causes, including having a hot water head bath, and is more prevalent in those with dry, curly hair. They are white and little, and they itch. To treat this problem, you can buy shampoo that removes dandruff and avoid dyeing, colouring, or perming your hair. Oil massages on a regular basis will also assist to promote blood circulation and nourish the scalp.

Dandruff Caused by excessive Oil

This dandruff is cause by a build up of sebum oil from the scalp glands on the scalp, as the name implies. Sebum glands are oil-producing glands under the skin’s surface that create sebum, an oily material that moisturises and protects the skin. Too much oil causes the scalp to become greasy, resulting in clumps of dry skin cells as well as debris collection, resulting in irritating flakes. Stress and worry are two factors that contribute to a high level of sebum oil. Oil-related dandruff is bigger and yellower than dry-skin dandruff, as well as oilier. Because the shampoo must clear the extra sebum oil from the scalp, you should visit a dermatologist before beginning treatment for oil-related dandruff.

Dandruff caused by fungus

Malassezia is a natural component present on the skin and scalp, as previously stated. This fungus feeds on excess oil in the scalp and creates oleic acid, which causes white flakes to appear. This kind of dandruff may be treat with zinc pyrithione or tea tree oil shampoo.

What is the best way to get rid of dandruff?

Dandruff is a common, non-serious medical disease that may be treat effectively with the correct advice. The length of time it takes to heal depends on the severity of your disease; however, following the instructions below will help you get rid of mild dandruff in about a month.

Wash frequently

Sebum is create at a faster rate if you have an oily scalp. This indicates that you should wash your hair more frequently. You don’t have to shampoo every day, but you should strive to wash your hair on a regular basis. Over washing worsens most scalp disorders, but this is not the case with dandruff. Once every other day will assist to remove the oils without removing too much of the essential oils.

Scalp Exfoliation

While exfoliation is a crucial part of our hair care regimen, the skin on our scalp is frequently overlook. It entails removing dead skin, sebum, and flakes with manual or chemical exfoliants. Exfoliation is important to prevent dull hair, blocked follicles, and itchy, flaky skin.

Alter your eating habits

This is the first step that has an indirect impact on your hair and scalp’s health. Salmon, walnuts, and chia seeds are high in Omega 3 fatty acids, which not only control oil production but also hydrate your hair. Consume probiotic-rich foods like yoghurt and cheese to help battle dandruff-causing fungal infections.

Use a shampoo that is anti-dandruff.

Because dandruff is cause by a yeast, there are a variety of over-the-counter medicinal shampoos that address dandruff. Look for substances that will exfoliate your skin and reduce flakes. You can easily buy anti dandruff shampoo online and get them deliver at your doorstep too. The anti dandruff shampoo price is affordable by everyone. 


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